The carrier, like other airlines around the world, has been mulling which aircraft to add to its fleet as record numbers of passengers take to the skies.
If airlines choose planes that are too big, they risk owning multimillion-dollar behemoths that are expensive to fly and tough to fill with passengers. If they go too small, their costs per seat could be high and they may need more aircraft to meet demand.
Compared with other airlines whose fleets include planes from different manufacturers, Southwest only flies Boeing 737s, and the carrier is the biggest operator of the Chicago-based company's narrow-body jets.
The change in Southwest's order does not change its plan for capacity growth this year, it said.
The Boeing 737 Max 8 fits as many as 189 seats, according to Boeing, but Southwest intends to fly them with 175 on board.
Southwest debuted the 737 Max 8 last year in the 175-seat configuration, with 32 inches of legroom. The airline intends to fly the smaller Max 7 with 143 passengers.
The airline announced the fleet changes in a statement applauding the passage of the tax law late last year, which it said allows it to give its workers $1,000 bonuses.
Southwest will get 15 of the 737 Max 8s next year and 25 in 2020, it said. Twenty-three of the smaller 737 Max 7s will be delivered in 2023 and 11 others in 2024, according to the airline.
The airline said the delay in accepting the smaller 737 Max 7 jets would allow it to line it up with the retirement of some older 737 planes.
"They both still fit in with our fleet plan," spokesman Chris Mainz said of the two new 737 models.
For its part, Boeing said that "there is no impact to the Max program" as a result of Southwest's decision and noted that the airline still plans to take delivery of seven of the smaller 737 planes next year.
(Leslie Josephs - CNBC)